The above is the extraction of debate participated by Ayad Jamal Aldin, an Iraqi Shia cleric. In the debate, Ayad Jamal Aldin argue for a separation of religion and state. Below are summaries of his points.
State should be neutral to all religious institution and should only be charged of provisioning service even to the night club.
Hypocrite emerged in theocracy even under Prophet Muhammad himself. Koran has an entire Surah titled "Al-Munafiqun" (The Hypocrites) to describe hypocrite in Medina during the prophet Muhammad 's rule, not to mention rule by others.
The non separation of religion and state produces people with split personality. Hypocrisy is not a reaction to religion but to ideological state. Rulers intimidate people with religion if they want to control the people.
All the prophets not only Prophet Muhammad were sent to form human beings, not to construct buildings.
The Sharia is a personal commitment only. The state should implements civic law, a man-made law and not the one conveyed by Allah.
The notion of civic law is based on equality in duties and rights, but under rule of Islam, Muslims and non-Muslims are not equal. The late regime of Taliban was a pure Sunni Islamic rule. The Shia rule of jurisprudence claims to be substituting the Prophet Muhammad (Iran theocracy). They claimed to be "representing Allah upon the Earth", more or less.
Whoever want Sharia should turn to Taliban government, to Ayatollah government in Iran. Or he should select way the Western, the Crusaders, the infidel regime which create New Zealand and Canada for instance, as well as human rights and notion of liberties. These human rights do not exist in Islam (states).
The combination of Koran and sword is dangerous. It is more dangerous than nuclear technology. Today people are being exiled on religious and sectarian grounds. The Christians, Sabians were exiled. The peaceful Yazadis were attacked. The deportation is done in the name of Allah. We were plagued by Emirs who slaughter while praising Allah, who deport while praising Allah, who burning down houses while praising Allah.
Is it what Prophet Muhammd was sent for? Was he sent to enslave people? The union of Ataturk and Rumi Sufism is the only hope for survival of Muslims as a nation, and for the survival of human being within Muslim.
The Shia is a vibrant religion committed to support democracy and human rights. The Iranian theocracy is condemned by the highest Shia authority as heretic. In comparison, there are many in Sunni Islam advocating the return of Caliphate and declaring themselves Emir.
The Shia advocate a separation of religion and state, and Ayad Jamal Aldin's view represent not only himself, but a fair lot of Shia people. Shia hates imposing Sharia on everyone, but rather, Sharia should be a source (among others) of the law of the land.
Democracy works in Shia Iraq but failed in all Sunni Arabic states
Since the downfall of Saddam Hussein, Iraq which has a Shia majority is enjoying fair and free elections. There are one on 2005 and one on 2010. Due to the hard work and collective goodness of Shia Arabs, democracy is taking root without much irregularities. The transition of Shia Iraq from millennium of totalitarianism to democracy, till date 8 years is remarkable.
In contrast, all Arabic Sunni states are either still under dictator, or anarchy. Egypt stands a chance but Sunni Islam does not have Shia's strong emphasis of civics law as well as separation of state and religion. Egypt's democracy failed in a little more than one year.
Iraq was bombed into heap by USA and under years of civil war. There are many sectarian hate. Yet Iraq is now under democracy. There is no civil war in Egypt and democracy failed. The collective conscious and their sectarian intolerance is responsible for failing of Egypt.
Malaysia is going to fail if she continues Islamization
While Shia strives to modernize their country, Malaysia who has a majority Malay Muslim population has slide back from a secular state to an Islamic state. Malaysia can forget about being a strong, advance and modern nation, respecting human rights and promoting equality, unless she repent her ways. While Iraq enjoys fair and free elections, Malaysia elections are increasingly rigged.
Malaysia's ex premier Mahathir declared Malaysia is an Islamic state. Chinese can be accused racism for anything. In 2013 elections, Chinese were called racist even though Chinese voted for the coalition which includes the PAS.
In comparison, Iraq will rise from ashes and show everyone a country with Muslim majority can be good in democracy and human rights -- thanks to the Shia.