Monday, August 26, 2013

Indonesia 1965 massacre: Forget about Holocaust, one to three millions killed by western sponsored junta

Western media forever trumpeting communist Pol Pot killings in Cambodia, few knows killings in Indonesia sponsored by west was far worse





Al Jazeera has again proven itself to be a good source of information. Not too long ago, it reported about a documentary " The Act of Killing". The documentary is about the killings perpetuated by late general Suharto (later president) and gangs in order to seize power from the late former president Sukarno of Indonesia. In total one to three millions were killed.

The total Jews killed by Nazi were 6 millions and that was during war time. The Indonesians murdered by army could be as high as 3 million during peace time, and that was equivalent to half of Jewish casualty in Holocaust.

The Suharto aristocracies are still ruling

Today, the 1965 massacre is still a sensitive topic in Indonesia. The massacre have largely purged an entire elite class, replacing them with new ruling class. These new ruling class is still there in Indonesia and they are largely intact even though Suharto was gone. Powerful families have benefited from the ascend of Suharto.

President Susil Bambang Yudhoyono, for instance, is a former general while his father-in-law, Sarwo Edhie Wibowo, was an Australian-trained officer who led the killings in Central Java.

The players

1) Suharto (army)
2) Sukarno (president)
3) China/USSR
4) Western countries (mainly USA, UK and Australia)
5) Indonesian communist/trade unionist (PKI)
6) Indonesia Muslim groups
7) Chinese Indonesian

The great game during post World War 2 South East Asia

South East Asia was the battle field of two main ideological groups, the capitalist and communist. Most people in South East Asia who received some educations were left leaning. On the other hand, the arm forces, landlords and religious groups were pro western.

Vietnam, Cambodia and Laos went communist, as they were able to receive direct support from China next door. Indonesia had high potential going communist. The Communist Party of Indonesia, PKI was the 3rd largest in the world and was extremely well organized.

It had 3 million members and around 20 millions of peripheral groups like trade unions and educated youth. The PKI was the biggest political party in Indonesia. It was expected to win elections and ascend to power in matter of times.

This is the scenario that the west will prefer not to happen.

The enemies

Late former President Sukarno was left leaning. He has a vision of progressive Indonesia. The PKI and unions were organizing land reform, seizing lands from parasitic landlords and redistributing lands to labor. The parasitic landlord fumed.

Trade unionist were asking for better rights and working conditions, and the rich got angry. The progressive communist who were atheist or moderately religious were also viewed as enemies of Muslim groups. The arm forces, then were traditionally reactionary and hated communist.

The people were supporting communist because this was the first time that oppressed peasants got a piece of land. Also peasants were getting more and more aware of their rights.

The foreign players

The PKI had close relationship with the communist countries. While it is not wrong to say that China and USSR supported PKI, the PKI was more an indigenous and independent movement.

The western countries led by USA found Suharto as a proxy. The west, Indonesian arm forces, rich and Islamic groups formed an unholy alliance.

The Killings

The massacre started after the counter-coup of Suharto. US diplomats and CIA officers, including the former US ambassador to Indonesia and Australia, Marshall Green, subsequently admitted working hand-in-glove with Suharto and his butchers in carrying through the massacres. They personally provided the names of thousands of PKI members from CIA files for the death lists.

David Jenkins, former foreign editor of the Sydney Morning Herald, said that the Australian, British and US embassies were aware of the mass killings, but did not raise a single protest to the systemic slaughter. All the embassies knew the PKI had not initiated the coup but did nothing to protect the victims from the military.

Archive documents released in Australia in 1999 proved that the Johnson administration in Washington was actively agitating for the formation of a military regime, and urging its embassy in Jakarta to co-ordinate closely with the army and insist that the generals act ruthlessly to crush the PKI. When, at the end of October, Washington determined that Suharto should establish a military government, it did so in close consultation with both the British and Australian governments.

Brad Simpson, Assistant Professor of History and International Studies at Princeton University and author of “Economists with Guns: Authoritarian Development and US-Indonesian Relations, 1960-1968”, said the US and British governments did “everything in their power” to ensure that the Indonesian army would carry out the mass killings. He said US and other Western officials viewed the mass killings as “efficacious terror”, an essential building block of the “quasi neo-liberal policies that the West would attempt to impose on Indonesia after Sukarno’s ouster”. They viewed the wholesale annihilation of the PKI and its supporters as “an indispensable prerequisite to Indonesia’s reintegration into the regional political economy and international system, the ascendance of a military modernising regime and the crippling or overthrow of Sukarno”.

Immediately after the coup, the US administration rushed to express political support for the Suharto regime. It provided covert monetary assistance to the Indonesian armed forces, while the CIA organised arms from Thailand. The US government also provided communications equipment, medicine and a range of other items, including shoes and uniforms.

Muslim groups participants

There is significant role played by the Muslim organisations Nahdlatul Ulama (NU) and Muhammadiyah in the killings. These right-wing organisations, acting at the behest of and at times organised by the military, willingly participated in the eradication of workers and peasants who were seen as a threat to traditional landowners and vested religious interests.

The west help create Islamic Radicalism that hates the west

The Muslims are often lead to believe that USA are bad to them. In fact most of the time the reverse is true. USA during the cold war worked closely with Muslim groups against communist. For example, if the west sit by and let USSR decimated all the Jihadist and built a socialist state, Afghan could be something like Kazakhstan today, extremely secular and Afghani Muslims will reject radicalism.

Many central Asia states like Azerbaijan and Kazakhstan are extremely secular in outlook, due to Stalin, who decimated their most religiously fanatics.

In Indonesia, the army and political Islam formed close alliance since. In addition, there was decimation of progressive left wingers. The radicalization of Indonesian Muslim continues till this day, and its reaching a potentially destabilizing level.

Chinese Indonesian in collateral damage

Most Chinese Indonesian being the best educated group in Indonesia were left leaning. They were deemed ally of communist China and being especially singled out for murder.

The Chinese were discriminated under the Suharto regime and suffered yet another pogroms in 1998, this time for no reason at all. The emancipation of Chinese Indonesian came to past after Suharto was kicked out of power.

Communism is badly maligned by elites today. People today are brainwashed. In reality, Stalinism is bad, but Economic Marxism is much better than capitalism. Soon people will rediscover Marx.

3 comments:

Anonymous said...

I think Goh Keng Swee is the uncle of Goh Chok Tong (former PM) and Goh Chok Tong's father is Goh Hood Keng,I wonder why his parent's name are not mentioned in public,the band of elites see no evil?
----------------------------------
Part 1
Info:
"As was typical in Peranakan families, the Gohs spoke both Malay and English at home. On
Sundays, church services were conducted at home in Malay, with the hymns sung also in Malay.
(After his father found work in the Pasir Panjang rubber estate, the family moved there. His father rose to become manager of the estate in 1933.)
GKS's sisters, Ida and Dawn, had by now become English teachers, and they would often read story-books to the young GKS at bedtime."
-
(A shy, quiet boy who loved books)
http://wineanddine.asiaone.com/Wine%252CDine%2B%2526%
2BUnwind/Unwind/Books/Story/A1Story20070709-17598.html

--------------------------
"Goh Keng Swee was born in Malacca in the Straits Settlements on 6 October 1918[3] into a middle-income Peranakan family, the fifth of six children.[4] His father Goh Leng Inn was a manager of a rubber plantation, while his mother Tan Swee Eng[5] was from the family that produced the Malaysian politicians Tun Tan Cheng Lock and his son Tun Tan Siew Sin, who
would later become Goh's lifelong political opponent.[6][7]
Goh was given the Christian name Robert, which he disliked and refused to respond to. When he
was two years old, his family moved from Malacca to Singapore where his maternal grandparents owned several properties. The
Gohs later relocated to the Pasir Panjang rubber estate when his father found work there, and
became manager in 1933. In common with many Peranakan families, the Gohs spoke both English and Malay at home; church services were held at home on Sundays in Malay.[8]

Goh's father Leng Inn and the latter's brothers-in-law Chew Cheng Yong and Goh Hood Keng
taught in the Anglo-Chinese School for various periods, and were also involved in the Middle
Road Baba Church while Hood Keng was pastor there. Goh himself attended this church as well[9]" unquote
-
(Goh Keng Swee - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia)
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Goh_Keng_Swee
--------------------------------------------------------------
"Evolving Meritocracy in Singapore

At its core, meritocracy is a value system by which advancement in society is based on an individual’s ability, performance and achievement, and not on the basis of connections, wealth or family background. For Singapore in particular, a meritocratic system, while not perfect, is the best means to maximise the potential and harness the talents of our people to society’s advantage.
..................................
Levelling the playing field

As a student in RI, I used to cycle 10km to school from my home in Pasir Panjang. It crossed my mind that the time I spent cycling could be spent studying by those schoolmates whose parents owned cars."unquote
-
(Goh Chok Tong On Meritocracy and Elitism in Singapore _ Din Merican the Malaysian DJ

Blogger)
https://dinmerican.wordpress.com/2013/07/28/goh-chok-tong-on-meritocracy-and-elitism-in-singapore/

Sorry,this is off topic.
Joshua Chiang

Anonymous said...

Part 2

"BLOCK B
Lorraine (on cam) You're back with TalkAsia and our special interview with Singapore's Prime
Minister, Goh Chok Tong. He says some of his earliest memories are playing by the seaside, and swimming in the ocean with his friends. In the second part of my interview with him, Prime
Minister Goh openly talks about his childhood, and some intimate moments with his late father.
PM Goh: I would say, I came from a working class family. My father died very young unfortunately for him and for the family. Some
deprivations, but not too much.. and it's the context of extended family which I treasured. I grew up with my uncles, mygrandmother, aunts and so on.
Lorraine: Would you say then that your mother would have been the one that basically raised you?
PM Goh: I would say it's my grandmother because my mother had to teach. And she taught at that time, in today's context it's quite near-but in those times in the remote village quite far away, so she stayed away for a week and would come back for the weekend. So it's a combination of grandmother and mother."
-
(CNN_com - Singapore PM Goh Chok Tong's TalkAsia Interview Transcript - Feb_ 9, 2004)
http://edition.cnn.com/2004/WORLD/asiapcf/02/09/talkasia.goh.script/
http://www.littlespeck.com/content/politics/CTrendsPolitics-040125.htm

----------------------------------
"As Goh was born in Singapore in 1941, he was an infant during the Japanese occupation years of 1942-1945. He came from a humble
background, and in one of his parliamentary speeches he admitted that his two children were much better off than he was when he was young, as he was then living in a house with several families. Because Goh's father died when he was very young, his mother worked as a teacher in a Chinese school to support him
and his sister. Both of them were raised by their mother with the help of their grandmother, an
uncle, and an aunt."
unquote.
-
(Goh Chok Tong - Definition of Goh Chok Tong)
http://www.yourdictionary.com/goh-chok-tong#biography

-----------------------------------------
"Retirement and death
Goh retired in early 1952, ending a long incumbency, which inspired his popular designation as a legend. The bishop appointed
him District Evangelist and he continued lecturing and speaking out on matters of concern. Not long after broadcasting a sermon
on New Year's Day, 1961, Goh became ill and died soon thereafter. He was buried before five hundred mourners, including many he had baptised or married.
Family
Goh's father was Goh Kim Swee. Goh's wife (née Tan) and youngest son died in 1924, and their other son was killed during the invasion.
The Gohs had seven daughters and their nephew was future Finance Minister Goh Keng Swee." unquote.
-
(Goh Hood Keng)
http://infopedia.nl.sg/articles/SIP_1586_2009-11-05.html

Joshua Chiang

Anonymous said...

Part 3

"Friday, 13 November 2009, 10:20 am | 1,654 views

Speech in 1990 seems to suggest that the SM had technically broken his bond in 1964 – albeit temporarily

ONE SATURDAY EVENING ALMOST 19 YEARS TO THE DAY AGO, then First Deputy Prime Minister Goh Chok Tong illustrated the
difficulty of getting top talent to enter politics by sharing his own experience when he first
graduated in 1964.
“My first choice after graduating was to be a professor. I wanted to do a PhD. So I signed up as a Research Scholar at the Singapore University. Two weeks after I started, the Vice-Chancellor called me up. He said that
the Government wanted me to work in the Civil Service as an Administrative Officer. They would not release me. I was then under a five-year bond, because of a bursary I received. I was put in the Economic Planning Unit. I worked there for
about one year, until I saw an advertisement by Shell. I applied. After a series of interviews and tests, plus a lunch where they observed how you
behaved socially, I got the job. They also gave me a loan to pay up my bond. So I resigned from
the Civil Service, brought forward the date of my marriage so that I could go for my honeymoon before starting on the new job, and happily went
off with my wife to Malaysia. Halfway through our honeymoon, I got a telegram from Shell: Come
back immediately. I thought they needed my services immediately. Instead they told me that

Dr Goh Keng Swee had expressed unhappiness over their taking me. They would still take me in,
nevertheless, if I insisted on joining them. I sensed their reluctance. So I returned the loan I took from Shell, and went back to the Economic Planning Unit. Later, I was seconded to NOL. I was very happy there. I thought I had found my niche in life.” unquote.
-
(Goh Chok Tong The pioneer bond-breaker - SgForums_com)
http://sgforums.com/forums/10/topics/381761?page=1
-
(PASSINGS_ Kwa Geok Choo)
http://articles.latimes.com/2010/oct/04/local/la-
me-passings-20101004
-
(Goh Chok Tong - Definition of Goh Chok Tong)
http://www.yourdictionary.com/goh-chok-tong#biography

Joshua Chiang