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Uyghur (Turks) are not the the only local in Xinjiang. Before the Tang dynasty, Xinjiang was dominated by the Aryan kingdoms. Historical records show that numerous small kingdoms in Xinjiang. Though the racial compositions of these people is still obscure, most believe that they consisted of Turk and Sino-Tibetic kingdoms, while the majority are Aryan kingdoms.
Aryans in Xinjiang
The Aryans speak Indo-European languages. The big Aryan tribes today are German, French, English, Iranian, North Indians, Russians...etc. Many Aryans are blond and blue eye people. The Aryan homeland is at Southern Russia. From there they migrate all over Eurasia.
Today, there are still Aryan in Xinjiang. They are mainly found in Tashkurgan county. They are the Tajik people, speaking the Persian languages (Iranian). They are mutually intelligible with modern Persian to a very large degree. In fact, Tajik is an artificial invention. Tajik race is Persian race.
Other than that, archaeologist has discovered another Aryan tribe in Xinjiang. They are the Tocharian. Tocharian is believe to be the eastern most Aryan tribe to be discovered. The Tocharian languages are extinct today. There are linguist who believe that Tocharian is close to Celtic. The Celtic are the western most Aryan. Today, the Scots, Wales and Irish are Celts.
In fact, many people hypothesized that Aryan could have reached Northern China. The Chinese history books recorded numerous tribes whose racial composition are unknown today. Modern genetic theory shown that Northern Chinese and European have smaller genetic distance compared to Southern Chinese vs European.
The ascendancy of Turkic languages in Xinjiang
The supremacy of Turkic languages in Xinjiang occurred quite late in history, around the time of Tang Dynasty in China. The Turks conquered the Aryan land and assimilate the Aryans. The proto Turkic people is a mongoloid people. The acquired the caucasoid feature after mixing with the Aryan.
In fact Uyghur domination is often interrupted. At mid 18th century, Xinjiang is still under the Zunghar Khanate, of the Buddhist and Mongol people. The Qing Empire got hold of Xinjiang after defeating Zunghar Khanate.
Tajik in Xinjiang
There are 41,000 Tajik in Xinjiang, mainly in Tashkurgan county. They are Shia Muslim.
|Blue eyes [Source]|
|Blue eyes [Source]|